Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is Jordan Cove LNG?
A: Jordan Cove LNG is a proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal and storage facility to be located within the Oregon International Port of Coos Bay.
The proposed facility includes:
- marine facilities
- two full-containment LNG storage tanks with a total storage capacity of 320,000 m3
- four 1.5 mtpa liquefaction trains
- gas treating facilities
- an associated 420 MW natural gas-fired combined cycle power plant
Q: How many people will the facility employ when fully constructed?
A: Jordan Cove LNG facilities will create approximately 175 direct jobs, 50 indirect jobs (Sheriff’s deputies, firefighters, tugboat crews and emergency planners), and we anticipate creating more than 500 indirect and induced jobs. Altogether, more than 750 permanent well-paying jobs will be created in Southwest Oregon.
Q: How many construction jobs do you anticipate?
A: The construction employment should average more than 900 workers with peak construction employing about 2,100 workers.
Q: Where are there similar facilities to Jordan Cove LNG?
A: There are over 100 LNG storage facilities located throughout the United States. Most of these facilities are designed to liquefy natural gas and store LNG during the summer months and then regasify for shipping during the winter months. There are four such facilities in the Pacific Northwest including Plymouth, Washington; Nampa, Idaho; Portland, Oregon; and Newport, Oregon.
Q: How often will the LNG ships call on the Port of Coos Bay?
A: Although actual utilization will be determined by terminal user requirements, the facility is being designed to accommodate an average of about two vessel calls per week.
Q: How long will the LNG ships be in port?
A: This will vary based upon vessel size but it is anticipated that an average vessel will spend approximately 24 hours in port.
Q: What steps will be taken to provide shipping and terminal safety?
A: The design and construction of LNG vessels makes them the most expensive vessels in the global commercial fleet. The LNG fleet has one of the most exemplary safety records in the maritime industry.
Jordan Cove LNG is required to take certain precautions that will make the vessel coming into Coos Bay as safe as possible:
- The Coast Guard will establish escort requirements and regulated navigation area and exclusion zones for the transit of an LNG vessel from open waters to its berth and back out again.
- The vessels must comply with all related elements of the new Maritime Security Act, including a plan for preventing and responding to attempted acts of terrorism.
- Every vessel transit into or out of Coos Bay will be piloted by a licensed and certified pilot with special credentials to pilot vessels in the Port of Coos Bay.
- The terminal will be surrounded by a double fence and have 24-hour video surveillance. When a vessel is in port, it will be guarded 24 hours-a-day.
Q: What government agencies regulate the activities of the LNG terminal?
A: There are many federal and state agencies that will regulate various activities at the Jordan Cove LNG terminal some of which include:
- Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
- U.S. Department of Transportation
- U.S. Corp of Engineers
- U.S. Maritime Administration
- U.S. Coast Guard
- Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
- Oregon Department of Energy
Q: Has Jordan Cove LNG made a commitment to provide emergency response resources to operate the LNG terminal?
A: Yes. Jordan Cove LNG will be building the Southwest Oregon Regional Safety Center fire and safety complex on the North Spit. This complex will include a full-time professionally staffed fire station and emergency response crews dedicated to the Jordan Cove LNG facility (paid for by Jordan Cove LNG), a Coos County Sheriff’s substation, offices for the Port and U.S. Coast Guard, and world class training facilities. Additionally, Jordan Cove LNG plans to partner with the Southwest Oregon Community College to create an LNG Fire Training Center — a first on the west coast. There is only one other program like it at Texas A&M. As expanded use of LNG as a maritime and surface transportation fuel will increase the need for special LNG training, Southwest Oregon Community College and Coos Bay will be poised to be the west coast center for this specialized training.
Q: Will the local community’s safety and security be adequately addressed through the FERC process?
A: Yes. As part of its review process, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) will ensure the safety and security of the local community. In fact, FERC will not approve Jordan Cove LNG if safety and security is not addressed.
In addition to FERC, federal agencies such as the Department of Homeland Security, Federal Aviation Administration, Maritime Administration and the United States Coast Guard will specifically analyze safety and security measures.
Q: What will be the effect of the Jordan Cove LNG facility on the environment?
A: The proposed Jordan Cove LNG facilities will be subject to stringent environmental review to ensure that the construction and operation of the facilities will have minimal environmental impact.
Q: What would be the environmental effects to fish and sea life if there is a release of LNG into the ocean?
A: There has never been a significant LNG cargo release in the 45 years since LNG has been transported via ocean-going vessel. However, vaporizing LNG is not soluble in water and any liquid released on the ocean would quickly evaporate, so no possibility exists of water contamination.
LNG is non-toxic and it does not enter into any chemical reactions unless it is ignited. Even if it is ignited on the water, it would quickly burn off. Direct physical contact with LNG might cause injury due to the very cold temperature, but there would not be any long-term residual toxic or harmful effects.
Q: What role does FERC play in the approval of Jordan Cove LNG?
A: The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead federal agency and is the author (along with Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, EPA, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) of the Environmental Impact Statement for the entire single federal action (approval of the project). Thus, FERC’s role is the coordinator and expeditor of all of the other federal agencies oversight roles for the various NEPA environmental review aspects of the Project. In addition, FERC is responsible for reviewing the design, and ultimately the operation, of an LNG facility. Only FERC can authorize the construction and operation of an LNG facility connected to an interstate pipeline. FERC also has responsibility to approve the transportation rate that the pipeline will charge to shippers on the pipeline.
Q: What exactly does the FERC process entail?
A: The Environmental Impact Statement process can be broken down into a series of steps:
- Project Proponent submits an application to FERC with all of the documentation needed by FERC and other Federal agencies to understand all of the environmental impacts associated with the Project.
- FERC and the other Federal Agencies (Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, EPA, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) then review all the information (thousands of pages of documents) to determine whether the applicant complies with all of the Federal environmental regulations that are applicable. If FERC finds deficiencies, data gaps or a need for clarification, the agency will send out formal requests for information to the applicant who must provide timely responses.
- Once all of the agencies review these additional data responses and are comfortable that they understand the full impact of the project, FERC, in conjunction with all of the other Federal agencies named above, will issue a draft EIS for public review and comment.
- FERC will then hold comment meetings and receive oral as well as written comments on the draft EIS to gather any additional public input. After taking all of the public input, FERC will require the Proponent to respond to each and every public comment. Once FERC has assessed anything new that is brought to the agency’s attention by the public they will issue a final EIS with a recommendation to the FERC commissioners to either approve, approve with conditions or disapprove the application.
- The FERC Commissioners will meet to make a final decision as to whether the application should be approved or denied.
NOTE: Once an application is submitted to the FERC, the agency will post it and every other communication and document, including data requests and responses, on the FERC website on a real time basis.